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BCL Law Notes Tort Law: Nominate Torts Notes

Nominate Torts Trespass To Goods Notes

Updated Nominate Torts Trespass To Goods Notes

Tort Law: Nominate Torts Notes

Tort Law: Nominate Torts

Approximately 105 pages

These notes are on a variety of Nominate Torts, all contained in separate documents. This module was taken for an Irish Law exam however there is a more or less even focus on English and Irish law due to how the law has developed in this area.

The individual subjects are as follows: Animal Liability, Defamation, Nuisance (public and private) Occupier's Liability, Product Liability, Trespass to Goods, Trespass to the Person and Trespass to Land. ...

The following is a more accessible plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Tort Law: Nominate Torts Notes. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:

TRESPASS TO GOODS • Own rights in relation to goods > tort protects this • Involves direct interference with possession of goods • Can arise from A) damage B) taking the possession of another • First you mst examine the nature of the interference. It must be directly caused by D for you to bring a cause of action Directness requirement • More general tort - there are other more specific ones - Example: If you posion the feed for a horse who then consumes it, you have not trespassed against the horse. You've trespassed in relation to the feed. Trespassing to the horse would be directly giving it to it. McDonagh v West of Ireland Fisheries D moved P's boat but they couldn't prove that it was the D who directly caused this alleged dmagae. Farrell v Min. For AG. Ministerial order… ACTIONABLE PER SE Kirk v Gregory Interference will suffice. You must show that the damage was either intentional or negligent. Hastings v ESB 1965 D caused damage to P's cable. They were aware of its existence and this knowledge was sufficient to hold them liable in trespass. The court endorsed fowler v lanning and national coal board v Evans. The plaintiff's interest • In order for action to succeed, at time of interference, P must be in actual possession > - right to immediate access - actual have them • Mental state and motive irrelevant • Even if D think the goods are genuinely his, it will still be trespass > strict liability > you don't aks how or why. Once there is an interference there, lability is triggered. DETINUE • • • • Specific Usually, D is requested to do deliver goods and refuses to do so. Central to detinue, is the D's possession of the P's goods being Adverse to P's rights Requires P to make a demand Cullen, Allen & C v Barclay D failed to return potato sacks in breach of contract. Despite the fact there was a - Correspondence = insufficient to a demand - Express terms in a contract not enough to imply demand REQUIRES: ➢ Demand ➢ Subsequent to demand, there must be a refusal or neglect to return goods ➢ Demand MUST be brought to demand of the D ➢ May be reasonable for D to retain possession of the goods to invetiagte the title Poole v Burns Involved a horse which the D auctioneer retained to make inquiries as to the true ownership of the goods (horse) in question. Court said for a reasonable time, lawful authority to investigate. Neverthelss, - 5 weeks to inquire = too long Bailees and Finders 1) BAILEE • Someone who has temporary and lawful possession of goods even if they don't own them • They still have right to possession at a given time • Post • Will be liable 2) FINDERS • Not liable for losing goods unless he - Wrongfully disposes of them = conversion Possible judgements: a) Return the goods or its value as assessed and damage for detention b) Return and damage for detention CONVERSION • An intentional dealing with goods which is inconsistent with the possession or right to possession of another • If someone takes goods and deals them • In dealing, this is where the tort is committed - Dealing must be inconsistent with ordinary dealing of owner Mills v Brooker 1919 - Cutting overhanging branches and removing the fruit, - Moving goods from one place to another in order to reach your own is not conversion Bushell v Miller 1718 - Interference with positioning of goods is not conversion ➢ Voluntary reception of goods trespass but having them trust at you is not Moorgate Mercantile v Finch 1962 - D's honest belief that he has title to goods under conversion, not a defence ➢ Anything tangible can be converted

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